If one wants a different take on the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, other than the one that is mostly believed, then one should necessarily go through the blog’s link provided below:-
The TRUTH of all the averments made therein are difficult to refute and much more difficult to prove. Hence each is left with one’s proclivities to believe any of the history, that is made available to us. If one were to go by the writings of Niccolao Manucci (1639–1717), then it is imperative to believe that Aurangzeb was careful about how history was written.
According to me, the moment a person is too careful as to what people of repute write, then either he changes his behaviour or if -he has the power- he gets such things written that would be favourable.
If one were to read THE GREAT MUGHALS by Abraham Eraly, when the court historians asked Aurangzeb as to how History has to be written regarding his ascension after the death of Dara, Murad and Shuja ( Aurangazeb’s uterine brothers), he is supposed to have said as per Manucci that YOU KNOW HOW TO WRITE HISTORY AND HOW DARA DIED FOR HIS APOSTASY, SHUJA FOR HIS REBELLION & MURAD THROUGH HIS CARELESSNESS! Could a court historian dared to have written anything contrary to the perceptions and beliefs of the Emperor? So relying on such documents as GOSPEL TRUTH, is foolhardy.
Be that as it may, the point that i’d like to talk about is that WE INDIANS ARE NOT ABLE TO RECONCILE THE BASIC IDEA THAT A MAN WHO KILLED THREE OF HIS BROTHERS AND IMPRISONED HIS FATHER, RULED THE LARGEST LANDMASS OF INDIA UNINTERRUPTED FOR FORTY NINE YEARS! THEREFORE OUR BELIEF IN GOODNESS, KINDNESS, PEACE & RECONCILIATION TAKES A SEVERE BEATING.
The reconciliation is very simple- Aurangzeb was an exception to the general rules of GOODNESS. He was born in November and at that time it was stated to have been predicted that his birth was not good for his father! Whether this was written after the imprisonment of Shah Jahan or before must be interesting.
Secondly, there must have been other predictions also. I recall the predictions given at the time of the Travancore king Sri Chitirai Thirunal: one predicted that he would lose his kingdom and the other said that he would annex his neighbouring kingdom also. By hindsight we know that both happened SIMULTANEOUSLY!
Sri Chitirai Thirunal’s kingdom had to cede to the Indian Union, shortly after C.P.Ramaswami Iyer was unceremoniously chased out of the Travancore state. At that moment the titular placebo of RAJPRAMUKH was conferred on him of both the Travancore and Cochin states. So both the astrologers were RIGHT and in spirit the one who predicted that he would annex the neighbouring state was wrong. Because, at the time of his prediction that MUST HAVE MEANT A THING THAT WAS NOT ENTIRELY TRUE IN THE FUTURE, THE WAY IT MUST HAVE BEEN IMAGINED!
What i like of Aurangzeb’s LIFE is that he used the three concepts that were never exploited with such fierceness ever:
1. Administration of the Kingdom
When he imprisoned his father, he cited that Shah Jahan had spent too much time on the pleasures of life and therefore never had time for administration of the affairs of the state.
Religion was profusely used for the conviction of Dara; unifying Muslims by imposing JIZIYA; and showing himself as pious and also strong. He liked to be addressed by Murad as HAZRAT (His Holiness!)
Austerity was not a cost cutting measure, but made a way of life to discourage any emotional expression. Music and mirth were banned in his court! Any exuberance was not allowed.
I like his prescriptions as they all denied LIFE in different forms and made life in the Mughal Court UNIPOLAR, thereby hastening the depletion of life.
One of the main reasons for the disintegration of the Dynasty was that the Indians who were used to and impressed bythe Mughal OPULENCE, were not impressed by the MUGHAL AUSTERITY and imagined in their hearts that they could defy the Mughals after the passing away of the brutal emperor.
BESIDES, ARJUMAND @ MUMTAZ MAHAL DID NOT ALLOW THE OTHER WOMEN TO BRING FORTH CHILDREN FROM THE ROYAL SEED OF SHAH JAHAN, BECAUSE SHE FEARED THAT HER CHILDREN WOULD FIGHT OTHER WOMEN’S CHILDREN OVER THE CROWN AND THEREFORE ZEALOUSLY ENSURED NO PREGNANCY BY OTHER WOMEN.
ALAS, WHAT HAPPENED WAS THAT HER OWN CHILDREN FOUGHT OVER THE KINGDOM TILL DEATH!
WOMAN PROPOSED AND GOD DISPOSED!!!